Richard Rufus and anonymous commentators on Aristotle explore the nature of motion, time, infinity and space.
The terminist logicians William of Sherwood and Peter of Spain classify the various ways that language can relate to the world.
Kent Emery joins Peter to discuss the effects of monastic and university culture on medieval philosophy.
The emergence of universities in Paris, Oxford, Bologna and elsewhere provide the main setting for medieval philosophy in the 13th century and beyond.
Greek and Arabic sources are rendered into Latin in a translation movement that will revolutionize medieval philosophy.