Greek philosophy and science make their way into the Islamic world via Syriac and Arabic translations and interpretations.
A first look at the philosophical contributions of Islamic theology (kalām) and its political context, focusing on the Muʿtazilites Abū l-Hudhayl and al-Naẓẓām.
The rise of Islam creates a new context for philosophy not only among Muslims, but also Jews and Christians.
John Marenbon joins Peter to discuss Boethius' solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge.
Boethius ushers in the medieval age with expert works on Aristotle, subtle treatises on theology, and the Consolation of Philosophy, written while he awaited execution.